How To Approach A Cash Advance

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Strapped for money? Not sure how you can pay for the inbound monthly bills? If you have deemed a pay day loan and want additional information, the subsequent report may help. It includes some important information into payday cash loans, anything they can provide and how they might assist. Carefully consider the details since it is applicable to your personal situations.

Many people wind up in positions when a payday loan is the only option. If at all possible, usually do not obtain a pay day loan. If you can obtain the resources from someone you know you must do this prior to deciding on going with a cash advance bank loan.

When you need to get a payday advance, open a new banking account at the lender you don’t generally use. Check with the bank for temporary investigations, and make use of this bank account to obtain your payday loan. When your financial loan will come thanks, down payment the total amount, you have to pay back the money to your new banking account. This safeguards your regular revenue in the event you can’t spend the money for loan back again punctually.

Avoid basically traveling for the local loan provider for a cash advance. When you may know exactly where by they can be, examine the entries all around your local community for other individuals that might have lower charges. Making the effort to perform investigation might help help you save a lot of money in the long run.

Think about shopping online to get a payday loan, if you will need to take 1 out. There are various internet sites offering them. If you need 1, you will be currently small on cash, so why waste petrol driving all around searching for the one that is open up? You actually have the option for performing it all out of your workplace.

Be wary about handing out any details you consider private if you are acquiring a cash advance. In many instances, you’ll be required to submit private information, in addition to your SSN, when obtaining a pay day loan. Some fraudsters use payday financing as a entrance to have information and facts to market to thirdly parties. Usually handle reputable companies.

Once you decide to just accept a cash advance, request for all of the terms in composing before getting your business on anything at all. Some firms are phonies and are only soon after stealing your hard earned money.

Since loan companies are making it so simple to get a pay day loan, many people utilize them while they are not in a turmoil or crisis condition. This can trigger people to grow to be comfortable making payment on the high rates of interest and when an emergency develops, they can be in a unpleasant placement because they are presently overextended.

An incredible suggestion for anyone looking to get a pay day loan is to steer clear of supplying your details to lender matching sites. Some pay day loan websites complement you with loan companies by revealing your information. This is often quite high-risk plus lead to many spam email messages and undesirable cell phone calls.

Will not ask for yet another payday advance if you have an past due equilibrium on the bank loan taken from yet another organization. You might seem like you require a payday advance, but it is important to take into account your past expertise.

An incredible idea for everyone seeking to get a payday loan is to prevent offering your information to loan provider complementing websites. Some cash advance websites go with you with loan providers by discussing your data. This is often really dangerous and in addition guide to many junk emails and undesired cell phone calls.

Learn about the default repayment plan to the loan provider you are interested in. You could find oneself without having the cash you must pay off it when it is thanks. The loan originator could give you an opportunity to pay merely the interest volume. This can roll more than your borrowed amount for the upcoming fourteen days. You will end up accountable to cover yet another attention fee the following salary along with the debt owed.

Fast money using handful of strings linked are often very alluring, most especially if you are strapped for cash with bills mounting up. Hopefully, this article has launched your eyes for the various facets of payday cash loans, so you have become completely aware about anything they can do for your present economic problem.

Thinking About Payday Cash Loans? Read through Some Essential Information and facts.

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It is not necessarily unheard of for customers to end up looking for fast cash. Thanks to the quick loaning of payday loan creditors, it really is probable to have the cash as soon as the same day. Under, there are actually many ways that can help you discover the cash advance that meet your needs.

In depth research is generally absolutely essential if you’re thinking about applying for a pay day loan. Tend not to go with the very first business you can see. Compare prices of a few various loan companies to ensure that you get the very best deal probable. This is time-taking in, but it can help you preserve a lot of money. There are websites around that enables you to examine loan costs for some of the most significant organizations.

Before applying to get a cash advance have your documents so as this will help the money business, they will likely need evidence of your wages, to allow them to determine your capability to spend the money rear. Handle things much like your W-2 type from work, alimony obligations or proof you might be getting Social Security. Make the best case possible for your self with suitable documentation.

Except if you understand all the specifics of a payday loan, stay away from buying one. The Truth in Loaning Respond needs particular disclosures. When a firm won’t make known amount and fee details, these are probably con artists that will cost you big time in hidden service fees.

Always read every one of the conditions and terms associated with a cash advance. Recognize every reason for interest rate, what every feasible payment is and exactly how a lot each is. You want a crisis bridge personal loan to help you get out of your recent scenarios back to on your toes, but it is easy for these circumstances to snowball more than a number of paychecks.

When getting a cash advance make sure you question how their rollovers job to find out if the service fees are deducted automatically. Your financial institution might have it established to where by they deduct the curiosity immediately and recharge your loan. These kinds of arrangements usually need you to do nothing past generating the initial deal. It is possible to find yourself paying 100s in charges, because you can never totally pay back the payday loan. Be sure you look at the fine print prior to getting into any kind of bank loan.

Know just how much the loan is going to cost you. This will assist you to determine what exactly you’ll need to pay when you have to obtain funds. Also, there are monthly interest restrictions that you ought to know of. Some creditors bypass those regulations by characterizing their great charges as “fees.” This may considerably boost the sum total in the personal loan. If you don’t require this type of loan, save money by preventing it.

If you feel you may have been taken good thing about with a payday loan business, report it instantly in your status federal government. If you postpone, you can be hurting your chances for any type of recompense. Too, there are lots of people out there as if you that require genuine support. Your revealing of these inadequate firms will keep other people from possessing very similar situations.

One of the more important aspects of getting cash advance is the cabability to repay said personal loan. In case you’re making use of for a loan, make sure there is a strategy to pay for the debt. Should your desired amount borrowed is greater than whatever you can repay in three weeks, you should think of other financial loan choices. You might find others that could extend time necessary to pay back your debt.

Understand that you may have certain privileges when you use a pay day loan services. If you think that you might have been dealt with unfairly through the loan provider in any way, it is possible to submit a problem with your status organization. This is certainly as a way to power those to abide by any guidelines, or circumstances they fail to live up to. Usually study your commitment meticulously. So you know what their commitments are, along with your own.

For people with examined a bunch of their possibilities and possess made the decision that they have to use an unexpected emergency cash advance, be a wise consumer. Perform a little research and select a payday loan provider which offers the best rates of interest and costs. Whenever possible, only acquire what you could afford to pay for to pay back together with your next income.

Should you be seeking out a payday advance but have less than stellar credit score, consider to apply for your loan by using a loan provider that can not verify your credit score. Today there are lots of diverse lenders around that may nevertheless give personal loans to the people with poor credit or no credit history.

Try to find out what state the lending company is based in. Laws linked to payday loans change by express. Unethical loan companies will come from international or from says that don’t have very good laws and regulations to guard the client. After you understand the lender’s status, research that state’s loaning laws and regulations.

Since you are knowledgeable, you need to have an improved idea about whether or not, or otherwise you are going to have a payday advance. Use whatever you figured out nowadays. Choose that is going to advantage you the best. Hopefully, you realize what includes receiving a pay day loan. Make goes based upon your needs.

How you can buying your own corner sofa bed and Childrens Furniture

Building Childrens Furntiture
Having glued and joined all T’s and L’s, the next step is to assemble these  joined sections together to complete the basic shape of the piece.
It is best to do this without glue at first, assembling the entire unit with  screws alone. Then, when it is together in good order and you are satisfied that nothing is out of line, take it apart, clean and sand all the pieces to  prepare them for finishing, and reassemble the unit again, this time permanently with glue.
Though this method imposes some extra time and effort on your part, it makes  the sanding operation easier and better, and reassembly  goes  fast and   accurate  witheverything fitting back into place like a glove.
Furniture, in order to have good lines and smooth working drawers and doors, must be squared up during assembly before letting the glue-joined sections dry.
In many cases, a large square will serve to check the accuracy of smaller  joined sections. On larger cabinets with big rectangular compartments, you  can check for squareness by measuring diagonally across the compartment opening  from corner to corner. Note this measurement and then measure the opposite  crossing diagonal in the same manner. You can also do very nice cheap corner sofa beds.
If the cabinet is square, the two measurements will be the same. If the  measurements differ, the piece is not square. To make it square, apply pressure on the corner that has the longer measurement until the cabinet has been  forced into a square shape and both diagonal measurements are the same.
You can make weby nice corner sofa bed with storage from fabric or leather.
Having squared the cabinet, it is a good idea to tack the back panel on next  before making any doors or drawers, or doing any further work. The back panel  will serve to hold the cabinet in shape while adding the rest of the features  and, if necessary, it can be removed temporarily whenever it interferes with  work to be done.

Seeking To Make a decision Whether Online Payday Loans Are For You?

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Lots of people are not having the very best fortune using their funds. Downsizing, task slashes, and consistently soaring prices have forced individuals to firm up their belts. In case you have been success by unpredicted expenses, a payday loan may be the appropriate selection for you. You can learn more about the subject and ways to method them smartly by sorting out the recommendation under.

Before applying for a pay day loan have your paperwork to be able this helps the financing business, they may need to have evidence of your income, to allow them to determine your skill to spend the financing again. Handle things such as your W-2 form from operate, alimony payments or resistant you will be getting Interpersonal Stability. Get the best situation easy for yourself with proper records.

Think about online shopping for the payday loan, in the event you need to take one particular out. There are numerous web sites that supply them. If you need a single, you are previously restricted on money, why then squander gasoline traveling close to searching for one which is open up? You do have the option of carrying it out all through your workplace.

Pay day loans can help in an emergency, but understand that one could be incurred financing costs that could equate to nearly fifty percent attention. This huge rate of interest can certainly make repaying these financial loans out of the question. The funds will probably be subtracted from your paycheck and may power you appropriate back into the cash advance workplace to get more funds.

An excellent idea for those seeking to get a cash advance, is always to avoid looking for multiple loans at the same time. This will not only allow it to be harder so that you can spend all of them again by your after that salary, but other manufacturers will know for those who have applied for other personal loans.

In case you have any important goods, you really should look at consuming these with one to a cash advance supplier. At times, payday loan providers enables you to protect a payday advance towards a priceless object, for instance a piece of great jewelry. A guaranteed payday advance will usually possess a reduce interest, than an unprotected payday advance.

Should you not know a lot regarding a pay day loan however they are in desperate demand for one, you really should meet with a financial loan skilled. This could also be a buddy, co-staff member, or loved one. You need to ensure that you are certainly not getting ripped off, so you know what you are actually stepping into.

When you get a excellent payday advance firm, stay with them. Allow it to be your ultimate goal to build a track record of effective financial loans, and repayments. In this way, you could turn out to be qualified for even bigger lending options down the road using this type of organization. They might be more eager to work alongside you, during times of actual battle.

Just take out a payday advance, in case you have hardly any other options. Cash advance providers typically cost consumers extortionate rates, and administration charges. Consequently, you must check out other methods of getting quick cash before, turning to a pay day loan. You could, for example, borrow some money from friends, or household.

Steer clear of getting a payday loan except if it is really an emergency. The quantity that you simply spend in interest is incredibly large on these types of loans, so it will be not worthwhile when you are getting one to have an everyday explanation. Get a financial institution bank loan if it is something that can hang on for some time.

Do not depend upon payday cash loans to finance your lifestyle. Online payday loans can be very expensive, so they ought to just be utilized for emergencies. Online payday loans are simply designed to assist you to to pay for unforeseen medical charges, lease obligations or buying groceries, whilst you hang on for your month-to-month paycheck from your workplace.

Every time trying to get a payday advance, be sure that all the information you give is precise. Often times, things like your career background, and home may be verified. Make sure that all your facts are correct. You are able to avoid getting declined for your personal payday advance, leaving you powerless.

In case you are frequently turning to payday loans to obtain by, have a close up evaluate your paying habits. Pay day loans are as near to authorized loan sharking as, legislation enables. They should only be used in emergencies. Even and then there are normally better alternatives. If you realise oneself at the pay day loan constructing every month, you may want to established yourself with a financial budget. Then stick to it.

There is a lot of tension placed on you when you’re unable to pay out monthly bills or these are way previous thanks. Ideally, this information has the answers to your questions about payday cash loans, and will help you manage your fiscal emergency greater.

Athens – What To See And How To See It


There are so many aspects of current civilization that were birthed in ancient Athens. Among these are theatre, philosophy, democracy, classical art and even the Olympic games. Athens is located on the southern coast of Greece and has existed for over 7,000 years providing a rich culture expressed in a diverse setting. The term diverse fits as you will find ancient relics and sites in some of the same areas where there are trendy boutiques and sidewalk cafes all mixed in together. This mixture of the very old and the new create a very unique experience provided nowhere in the world like it is provided in the ancient city of Athens. You will need to be sure your passport is up to day so if you need to add passport pages, be sure to go online and access a passport site to help you with this so you can be on you way.

World travel requires a passport but computers have simplified all passport needs. Even if you have to get an emergency passport, an online passport is available to help you. No one plans to have their travel documents lost or stolen but if this happens, help is as close as the nearest computer.

Athens is a city that contains many sites that make history come alive so this is certainly the ideal place for lovers of history to visit. High on top of the Acropolis you will find the Parthenon. This famous sight has earned the honor of being named as a World Heritage Site by UNESCO. Investigating these ruins takes you back to sights names in Greek Mythology related to gods and goddesses, the titans and many other mythological characters. Admission to this site also opens the Theatre of Dionysus, the Roman Agora and the Temple of Olympian Zeus to the traveler.

Being the birthplace of the performing arts, it is no wonder that the arts and culture are very important to the Athenians. While the National Gallery is certainly large and well known, many smaller art galleries populate the city. Athens is also host to approximately 148 theatres so if you are in the mood for a show, the difficult part will be which performance to see. Among the theatres is the famous Herodes Atticus Theatre.

Using a bike or even walking around this city is a wonderful way to see the sights. Green space is always welcome when you travel to big cities and the National Garden of Athens provides an exceptional treat. Within it can be found a small zoo, ponds with ducks, colorful flowers and beautiful landscape with no shortage of a shady tree to relax under and consider the sights of the day.

For those who would like to shop till your drop, your experience will be a little different in Athens. Rather than large malls and strip centers, you will find street vendors selling custom crafts rather than name brand items. Some of the most visited markets are found on Plaka, Kolonaki and Ermou Street. You will find endless selections of shoes, purses and jewelry if you visit here and the quality will certainly not disappoint you.

Authentic cuisine is always interesting in a foreign city and Athens is no exception to this rule. Known for their souvlaki, which is comprised of grilled meat, veggies and a special yogurt sauce, this Athenian staple is considered a treat by all who try it.


Acquire The Aid You Are Going To Require In Order To Change Your Locks

When somebody purchases a new home, they’ll require keys generated for each and every member of their particular family. Before they’ll go ahead and achieve this, however, they could wish to take into account having the locks changed. They are able to take a look at the locksmiths near me to be able to find one who may help them to change out all of the locks within the property.

The main reason folks wish to change the locks without delay will be to make sure no person might enter the house anytime they aren’t there. Even though they could have been told they were presented all copies of the keys, it is not always true. The person could have been given every one of the keys the realtor was aware of, but there could possibly be ones the previous home owner didn’t think of. Anytime this takes place, there might be somebody that can use the keys to enter the home after the new house owner moves in. To avoid this, and to ensure there isn’t any keys the house owner won’t know about, changing the locks is actually necessary.

If you might be searching for a locksmith to help you change the locks inside your new house, make contact with one who has been servicing milwaukee for 20 years. They have the experience to be able to help you have all of the locks changed as fast as possible. Get in touch with them now in order to discover more.

Athens – Church of Agioi Theodoroi


Crossing Odos Dragatsaniou, in the end stands the attractive medieval church of Agioi Theodoroi (St. Theodore), built on the site of a church founded in the ninth century, but in its present form dating from between 1050 and 1075. This small cruciform church with its high narrow dome, multiple roofs that lend it an air of rhythmic grace, narrow mullioned windows and decorated central door surmounted by arches, is a precious gem of eleventh century Byzantine architecture.

The earliest form of Byzantine churches was that of the basilica, a long rectangle divided by two or four ranges of columns into three or five naves. Later, during the 11th and 12th centuries, the plan changed to that of a Greek cross within a square, dominated by a dome constructed in brick and often combined with one or more subsidiary domes. The exterior walls consist of square-cut stone with thin brick surrounds and are enriched by bands of decoration, carving and the use of color. Few of these churches were large. Apart from St. Theodore, typical examples are the churches of Kapnikarea and St. Eleutherios.

The glory of the Byzantine church lies not so much in the architecture as to the ethereal beauty of its mosaics or frescoes. From the center of the principal dome Christ looks down upon the faithful and below Him are the Apostles. The Virgin appears in the half dome, while around the sanctuary are symbolic figures and emblems connected with the Eucharist. On the West wall opposite the chancel is the Last Judgement. Colored marble and similar material in the lower walls add to the resplendent beauty of the interior.

The liturgy of the Greek Orthodox Church requires separation of the altar from the laity. The altar is placed in a chancel screened from the congregation by the iconostasis, i.e. the screen dividing the sanctuary from the church proper. This is adorned with pictures of Christ, the Virgin, and Saints, and generally has three doors, the curtains of which are lowered while Mass is being celebrated. The chancel is flanked by the Prothesis, where the bread and wine for the Eucharist are prepared, and by the Diakonikon, or vestry.

In St. Theodore one can also notice the influence of the East on Byzantine art, which was prominent in the period from the mid-9th to mid-11th centuries, when Byzantine artists used a variety of Oriental motifs in their designs. It is probable that the design of pseudo-kufic characters (the script perfected during the 7th century by calligraphers in the city of Kafa, in present-day Iraq) that decorate the terracotta panel below the windows of the facade was inspired by the work of Arab craftsmen.


What You Can Do If You Want for an Additional Step but Want to Stay in Your Field

One of the most fulfilling of most occupations could be the one in which you can take one thing that you are great at, plus train many others the best way to get it done, as well. This is especially valid in the event the expertise that you’re revealing is a which is regarding wonderful worth and one that you’ve a particular requirement for via modern culture. There are many those who have specific skills, and not nearly as many which possess the actual ability to effectively share that necessary ability to other people. Look at the committed capabilities one needs to experience a effective career inside the plastic sector, by way of example. Certainly, there was a period where a man or woman who worked hard inside the injection molding world got injection molding classes plus went to as many injection molding seminars as he or she surely could be present at.

Nevertheless, at some point, your day emerged at which he ended up being willing to accomplish some thing different, but yet not get away from this kind of area of a business which he quite definitely liked. Just what possibilities would this individual possess in that case? Helping other individuals to get just like he in this specific section of the sector is a great start. If a individual offers excellent communication expertise, excellent display capabilities plus awareness of precisely how other individuals understand, then generally he normally will perform well when educating and/or administrating.

The Acropolis – Athens, Goddess Athena


Archaeologists tell us that the original city of Athens was situated on the Acropolis. Even in classical times, the Athenians still referred to this area as “the City.” The city of Athens and its patron goddess emerge into the light of history as inseparably coupled. In Mycenaean times each city was built around a central palace, and each palace was under the protection of its patron goddess. Athena was the goddess of the palace on the Acropolis. The names of the city and its goddess are essentially the same: Athena was Athens, and Athens was Athena. She was “The Athenian.” The ancient Athenians seem to have exhibited, during much of their history, precisely those virtues which they traditionally attributed to her. This may be because, when the Athenians imagined their goddess, they did so in their own image.

According to the myth, Zeus fell in love with a beautiful titaness, Metis (“Cunning Intelligence”). Although she repeatedly changed her shape to avoid his unwelcome attentions, as was his way, he persisted. In the end he caught up with her and raped her.

An oracle then announced that Metis would bear Zeus two children: first a daughter then, a son, and the son would be mightier than his father. Just as Zeus had once overthrown and dispossessed his own father, Chronos, so he was destined in his turn, to be overthrown by his own son. In a desperate attempt to avoid sharing his father’s fate, Zeus gave Metis a potion of drugged ambrosia, and then swallowed her whole.

Some time afterwards a terrible headache came upon him. In great pain, he sought the advice of Hermes, whose only suggestion was that Hephaestos, the smith of the gods, should open his head in order to allow the cause of his pain to escape. Zeus was so desperate that even this drastic remedy was preferable to doing nothing, and Hephaestos was duly summoned to cleave open Zeus’ head with his mighty axe. When he did so, to the astonishment of all the immortals, Athena sprang out with a great war-cry, fully-formed, wearing armour and bearing arms.

Zeus’ daughter not only became the patron of many arts at that time normally considered masculine preserves, such as ceramics, she was also credited with a distinctly unfeminine warlike nature. When the Olympian gods were faced with a titanic struggle against the giants, Athena played a major role in the war, defeating the giant Enkelados in single combat. She came to be depicted not merely as a virgin goddess, but, as an ancient Roman writer put it, as a virago: as a female capable of playing a leading role in a world dominated by men.

It came to be said that the reason for the birth of this goddess lay in a wager between Zeus and his consort, Hera, as to which of them could generate the better progeny entirely alone and unaided. By herself, Hera managed to produce only the crippled god, Hephaestos and a monster; while Zeus was able to bring forth, in Athena, one of the greatest of the Immortals.

This seems to have been a picturesque reference to a widespread belief, which was to appear later in the works of the philosopher Aristotle: that the father alone is responsible for generating his children, and for providing them with their inherited characteristics, and that their mother affords them nothing more than a temporary shelter and sustenance in her womb during her pregnancy.

This is a striking example of the strong climate of male chauvinism which dominated the early classical period in ancient Greece, which is very evident in myth and legend.


Ancient History – Athens


Archaeologists have found evidence that Athens has been inhabited from at least the fifth millennium BC. The site would have been attractive to early settlers for a number of reasons: its location in the midst of productive agricultural terrain; its closeness to the coast and the natural safe harbour of Piraeus; the existence of defensible high ground, the Acropolis (from akron and polis, or ‘city on the high ground’); and the proximity of a natural source of water on the north-west side of the Acropolis.

Traces of Mycenaean fortifications from the thirteenth century AC can still be seen on the Acropolis, including some foundations belonging to what must have been a palatial structure. The fortifications, known as the ‘Pelasgian’ walls (after the indigenous people believed to have built them before the arrival of the Greeks around 2000 BC), remained in use until the Persian Wars of 490-480 BC. One stretch behind the temple of Athena Nike appears to have been deliberately preserved in the Classical period.

There was a decline of Mycenaean society across the Greek world around the end of the twelfth century BC. Whether this was directly connected with the Trojan War (around 1184 BC), or the so-called Dorian Invasion thought to have taken place soon after this conflict, Athens does not appear to have succumbed to an attack. The Mycenaean royal family of Pylos is said to have taken refuge in Athens after their city’s fall to the Dorians. One of its members, Codros, became king of his adoptive city.

The collapse of Mycenaean civilization left Greece in political, economic and social decline, accompanied by loss of artistic skills, literacy and trade networks. The Mycenaean form of writing, known as Linear B, was completely forgotten, and the Greek alphabet did not emerge until the late eighth century BC as the new form of writing. At this time city states began to emerge throughout the Greek world, governed by oligarchies, or aristocratic councils. Thirteen kings ruled in Athens after Codros, until in 753 BC they were replaced by officials with a ten-year term, known as decennial archons, and in 683 BC by annually appointed eponymous archons.

Conflict between the oligarchs and the lower classes, many of whom had been reduced to slavery, led to a series of reforms that paved the way for the emergence of the world’s first true democracy. Around 620 BC the lawmaker Dracon set up wooden tablets on the Acropolis known as axones. These were inscribed with civil laws and punishments so harsh that the death penalty was prescribed even for minor crimes, giving rise to the term `draconian’ which is still used today. Dracon’s intervention did little to ensure order, prompting representatives of the nobles and lower classes in 594 BC to appoint the statesman and poet Solon as archon.

Solon terminated aristocratic rule, setting up a representational government where participation was determined not by lineage or bloodline, but wealth. He eliminated slavery based on debt, and restituted freedom and land to those who had been enslaved. Solon created a `Council of Four Hundred’ from equal numbers of representatives of the Ionian tribes to which the Athenians claimed to belong, and instituted four classes of citizenry.

Peisistratos, Solon’s younger cousin, became tyrant (tyrannos) of Athens in 545 BC. He ensured the Solonian constitution was respected and governed benevolently. After Peisistratos’ death, however, things took a negative turn and anti-Peisistratid sentiment grew. By 510 BC King Cleomenes of Sparta was asked to assist in deposing Peisistratos’ son Hippias. Hippias sought refuge in Persia at the court of King Darius.

Soon after, the aristocrat Cleisthenes promised to institute further reforms giving a more direct role to citizens in government. His reforms were passed in 508 BC, and democracy was established in Athens. A new `Council of Five Hundred’ (the Boule) replaced the ‘Council of Four Hundred’, with equal representation from the various tribes. Cleisthenes is also credited with instituting the system of ostracism, which ‘voted’ an individual considered dangerous to democracy into exile for ten years.

It is uncertain when the former Mycenaean citadel was transformed into a sacred precinct but by the late eighth century BC a modest temple (or perhaps more than one) stood on the plateau. The oldest and holiest cult image on the Acropolis was the statue of Athena Polias (Protectress of the City), a crude olive-wood figure, so old that Athenians of the Classical period believed it had either fallen from heaven or been made by Cecrops or Erichthonios. This sacred image of Athena was ritually ‘dressed’ every year in a peplos, a sacred robe, as part of the Panathenaic festival.

A temple is thought to have been built around 700 BC to the south of the later, Classical Erechtheion, to house the statue of Athena Polias. The first major building of which there are significant remains on the Acropolis was the so-called ‘Bluebeard Temple’, built in the Archaic period around 560 BC. The ‘Bluebeard Temple’ is thought by some to have stood to the south of the later Erechtheion. Ancient texts mention a mysterious building or precinct contemporary to the ‘Bluebeard Temple’, called the Hecatompedon, or ‘Hundred-footer’. Whatever this structure or place was, it gave its name to the principal room of the Classical Parthenon, perhaps because the later building occupies the same site.

With the expulsion of Hippias a new temple was built on the Acropolis, its foundations still visible to the south of the later Erechtheion. This building, the Archaios Naos, or ‘ancient temple’, is likely to have been deliberately commissioned around 506 BC as a replacement for the ‘Bluebeard Temple’.

The first Persian invasion of 490 BC saw the victory of the Athenians at the battle of Marathon against the forces of King Darius of Persia. The following year the elated Athenians leveled an area on the south side of the Acropolis and began construction of the Old Parthenon. A new gateway to the Acropolis was also commenced, known as the Old Propylaia.

This post-Marathonian building program on the Acropolis came to a violent end in 480 BC when Xerxes, son of King Darius, led a second Persian invasion of Greece. Athens had to be evacuated and Xerxes razed the city and buildings on the Acropolis. Under the command of Themistocles, the Athenians destroyed the Persian fleet in the battle of Salamis. Victory over the Persians was ensured after the battle of Plataea (479 BC), to the northwest of Athens, when a combined Greek army annihilated the Persians.

In the aftermath of the battle of Plataea, a vow was made by the victors never to rebuild the shrines that were destroyed in the war, preserving them instead as memorials for later generations.

Pericles, who was a general and statesman, came to power in Athens around 461 BC. He considered the oath of Plataea to have been fulfilled, as thirty years had elapsed from the Persian invasion, and proceeded to reconstruct the temples on the Acropolis. He gathered together the best architects and artists in the city and plans were drawn up to erect new buildings that would outshine those torn down by the Persians. The Periclean building programme enhanced the lower city with new monuments, such as the Temple of Hephaestus, also known as the Theseion, and the Painted Stoa or Poikile situated near the Agora (marketplace).